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Hello! We were just thinking about you. Can you believe we are already into November? Some of the stores have even put up their Christmas decorations already! Wow! We are NOT ready to think about Christmas yet. In fact, we promise not to mention it again until at least the first of December.

Anyway, here's your (Christmas-free) Thursday WordMaster!
OPEN / CLOSED (adj.) vs. OPEN / CLOSE (v.)
開店している/閉店している(形容詞)vs. 開店する/閉店する(動詞)

To say that a restaurant, shop, bank, library, museum, etc. is open [adj.] means that it is ready to serve customers or that visitors can enter. 

To say that a restaurant, etc. is closed means that it is NOT open.

To say that a restaurant, etc. opens or closes [v.] means that it becomes open or closed.

(Be careful: When talking about business hours,* we say that a shop, restaurant, etc. is open [adj.], for example, from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm. We do NOT say it opens [v.] from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm. Rather, it opens AT 10:00 and closes AT 6:00.)
* See the 25 June 2001 WordMaster,"[business] HOURS".

レストラン、店、銀行、図書館、博物館などが、来訪者にサービスできる状態になっているとき、〜 is open [形容詞]と言います。つまり開店している、とか、開館している、という意味です。

レストランなどが閉店しているときは、〜 is closed になります。

"a restaurant, etc. opens"、"a restaurant, etc. closes"[動詞]は、レストランなどが開店する、閉店するという意味です。

注意:店などの営業時間* について言うときには、形容詞の open を使って、例えば The shop is open from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm. と言います。動詞使って The shop opens from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm. とは言いません。動詞を使うなら、The shop opens AT 10:00 and closes AT 6:00. になります。
2001/6/25の WordMaster "[business] HOURS" 参照 
1.(on the phone)
a:Excuse me, what are your hours?
b:We're open from 9 to 5, Monday through Friday.
2.(at the entrance to a restaurant)
a:Can I still have dinner?
b:I'm sorry but we're closed.
3.The bank had already closed, so I had to use the ATM. 
4.a:How late are you open tonight?
b:The store closes at 11 p.m.
5.I often see people lined up in front of the pachinko hall as much as an hour before it opens.
Thanks for coming!

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