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(north) OF vs. IN THE (north) OF    〜の(北) vs. 〜の(北)部

If a place is north of a second place, then it is SEPARATE FROM the second place and above it on a map.

If a place is in the north of a second place, then it is WITHIN the upper part (as seen on a map) of the second place.

Of course, we can replace the word "north" with "south", "east", "south-west", etc.

(Also see the 15 March 2001 WordMaster, "IN FRONT [OF] vs. IN THE FRONT [OF]".)

north of は、その場所が、ある地域(外)の北にあるという意味で、地図上ではある地域の上になります。

in the north of は、その場所が、ある地域の中の北部に位置するという意味です。


2001/3/15 WordMaster "IN FRONT [OF] vs. IN THE FRONT [OF]"参照)
1.Africa is just a few miles south of Gibraltar, across the water.
2.I was born in Nagoya. It's a big city west of Tokyo. 
3.There is some spectacular natural scenery in the southwest of the United States.
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